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Brighthouse Financial Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Results

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Brighthouse Financial, Inc. (Nasdaq: BHF) reported a net loss available to shareholders of $942 million in the fourth quarter of 2023, with an adjusted earnings of $189 million. The company repurchased $250 million of its common stock in 2023, reducing shares outstanding by 7%. Annuity sales for the year were $10.6 billion, and life sales were $102 million. The estimated combined RBC ratio stands at approximately 420% with holding company liquid assets of $1.3 billion.
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  • Net loss available to shareholders of $942 million in Q4 2023.
  • Adjusted earnings decreased to $189 million in Q4 2023 compared to $545 million in Q4 2022.
  • Annuity sales decreased by 15% quarter-over-quarter and 8% year-over-year.
  • Repurchased $60 million of common stock in Q4 2023.
  • Full year 2023 reported a net loss available to shareholders of $1,214 million.
  • Decrease in TAC to approximately $6.3 billion as of December 31, 2023.

An examination of Brighthouse Financial's reported net loss of $942 million for Q4 2023, contrasted against a net income of $110 million in the same period the previous year, reveals a significant downturn in profitability. This loss is underscored by a decrease in the value of the company's hedges due to market performance, which is an expected outcome given the volatile nature of hedging strategies. The 7% reduction in shares outstanding from share repurchases signals a return of capital to shareholders and may be indicative of management's confidence in the company's intrinsic value. However, the repurchase activity also suggests a potential reduction in equity value, which could affect the stock's liquidity and market perception.

The adjusted earnings of $189 million, excluding notable items, while down from the previous year, still provide a more stable view of the company's operational performance. The increase in holding company liquid assets to $1.3 billion and a strong estimated combined RBC ratio of approximately 420% reflect a robust capital position and liquidity, which are critical for the company's ability to withstand further market volatility and meet policyholder obligations.

For investors, the immediate concern would be the sustainability of the company's dividends and the potential for future share repurchases. The reduction in annuity sales year-over-year could also raise questions about the competitiveness and appeal of Brighthouse Financial's product offerings in the current market environment.

The reported 15% decrease in annuity sales quarter-over-quarter and an 8% year-over-year decline point to challenges in the annuity market segment. This could be attributed to a combination of factors, including increased competition, shifts in consumer preference, or broader economic conditions affecting investment decisions. The strong sales of Shield Level annuities, however, suggest that there is still demand for certain types of annuity products, particularly those that may offer greater protection against market downturns or provide other investment benefits.

On the life insurance front, the 32% increase in life sales quarter-over-quarter and a 28% increase year-over-year indicate an area of growth for the company. This could be driven by demographic trends, such as an aging population, or by strategic initiatives undertaken by the company to capture more of the market share. An analysis of the life insurance sector could provide further insights into consumer behavior and the effectiveness of Brighthouse Financial's sales strategies in this space.

The $12 million unfavorable notable item related to legal matters, reflected in the fourth quarter of 2023, highlights the impact of legal contingencies on financial performance. While the specifics of these legal matters are not detailed, such costs can vary significantly from quarter to quarter and can be a source of financial risk. Investors would benefit from understanding the nature of these legal issues and the company's approach to legal risk management. This understanding can inform assessments of potential future liabilities and their implications for the company's financial stability.

  • Estimated combined risk-based capital ("RBC") ratio of approximately 420%; holding company liquid assets of $1.3 billion
  • $350 million total subsidiary dividends paid to the holding company in the fourth quarter of 2023
  • The company repurchased $250 million of its common stock in full year 2023, reducing shares outstanding relative to year-end 2022 by 7%; repurchased an additional approximately $30 million year-to-date through February 9, 2024, resulting in approximately $763 million remaining under its current share repurchase authorizations
  • Annuity sales for full year 2023 of $10.6 billion, driven by strong sales of Shield Level annuities
  • Life sales of $102 million for full year 2023
  • Fourth quarter 2023 net loss available to shareholders of $942 million, or $14.70 per diluted share
  • Fourth quarter 2023 adjusted earnings, less notable items*, of $189 million, or $2.92 per diluted share

CHARLOTTE, N.C.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Brighthouse Financial, Inc. ("Brighthouse Financial" or the "company") (Nasdaq: BHF) announced today its financial results for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2023.

Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Results

The company reported a net loss available to shareholders of $942 million in the fourth quarter of 2023, or $14.70 per diluted share, compared with net income available to shareholders of $110 million in the fourth quarter of 2022. During the quarter, as a result of market performance, the value of the company's hedges decreased, as expected. Under GAAP accounting, all variable annuity guaranteed benefits classified as market risk benefits ("MRBs") are accounted for on a fair value basis. The company anticipates volatility in net income (loss) given the differences between GAAP MRBs and its hedge target.

The company ended the fourth quarter of 2023 with common stockholders' equity ("book value") of $3.2 billion, or $51.08 per common share, and book value, excluding accumulated other comprehensive income ("AOCI") of $8.5 billion, or $133.69 per common share.

_________

* Information regarding the non-GAAP and other financial measures included in this news release and a reconciliation of such non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are provided in the Non-GAAP and Other Financial Disclosures discussion below, as well as in the tables that accompany this news release and/or the Fourth Quarter 2023 Brighthouse Financial, Inc. Financial Supplement and/or the Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Brighthouse Financial, Inc. Earnings Call Presentation (which are available on the Brighthouse Financial Investor Relations webpage at http://investor.brighthousefinancial.com). GAAP results reflect the company's adoption, on January 1, 2023, of the provisions of FASB ASU 2018-12, Targeted Improvements to the Accounting for Long-Duration Contracts ("LDTI"), and any GAAP historical data contained herein has been updated retrospectively. Additional information regarding notable items can be found on the last page of this news release.

For the fourth quarter of 2023, the company reported adjusted earnings* of $177 million, or $2.73 per diluted share, compared with adjusted earnings of $545 million, or $7.81 per diluted share, in the fourth quarter of 2022.

Adjusted earnings for the quarter reflected a $12 million unfavorable notable item, or $0.19 per diluted share, related to legal matters.

Corporate expenses in the fourth quarter of 2023 were $244 million, compared with $243 million in the fourth quarter of 2022 and $210 million in the third quarter of 2023, all on a pre-tax basis.

The company's annuity sales decreased 15% quarter-over-quarter and 8% year-over-year, driven by lower fixed deferred annuity sales, partially offset by strong Shield Annuity sales. Annuity sales increased 5% sequentially, driven by higher fixed deferred annuity sales. Life sales increased 32% quarter-over-quarter, 28% year-over-year and 16% sequentially.

On a full year basis, the company reported a net loss available to shareholders of $1,214 million in 2023, or $18.39 per diluted share, compared with net income available to shareholders of $3,775 million in 2022, or $51.30 per diluted share. As a result of market performance, the value of the company's hedges decreased, as expected. Full year 2023 adjusted earnings, less notable items*, were $930 million, or $13.99 per diluted share, compared with full year 2022 adjusted earnings, less notable items, of $1,120 million, or $15.22 per diluted share.

During the fourth quarter of 2023, the company repurchased $60 million of its common stock, and for the full year 2023 repurchased $250 million of its common stock, reducing shares outstanding relative to year-end 2022 by 7%. Year-to-date through February 9, 2024, the company has repurchased an additional approximately $30 million of its common stock, on a trade date basis, resulting in approximately $763 million remaining under its current share repurchase authorizations.

“Looking back on the year, I am proud of our many accomplishments, including maintaining our target capitalization and robust liquidity, generating strong sales results, further strengthening our annuity and life insurance product suites and returning additional capital to our shareholders through repurchasing more of our common stock," said Eric Steigerwalt, president and CEO, Brighthouse Financial.

"In the fourth quarter, we implemented a new statutory requirement under which all future hedges must be reflected in reserves and required capital," Steigerwalt continued. "While this had a negative impact on statutory combined total adjusted capital ("TAC"), the new statutory requirement also led to a material decrease in required capital. After paying $350 million of subsidiary dividends to the holding company in the quarter, our estimated combined RBC ratio remains strong at approximately 420% and our holding company liquid assets increased to $1.3 billion."

"We believe that our strong balance sheet and liquidity, as well as our achievements in 2023, position us well for the future,” concluded Steigerwalt.

Key Metrics (Unaudited, dollars in millions except share and per share amounts)

 

 

As of or For the Three Months Ended

 

 

December 31, 2023

 

December 31, 2022

 

 

Total

 

Per share

 

Total

 

Per share

Net income (loss) available to shareholders (1)

 

$(942)

 

$(14.70)

 

$110

 

$1.59

Adjusted earnings (1)

 

$177

 

$2.73

 

$545

 

$7.81

Adjusted earnings, less notable items (1)

 

$189

 

$2.92

 

$282

 

$4.04

Weighted average common shares outstanding - diluted (1)

 

64,820,914

 

N/A

 

69,765,118

 

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Book value

 

$3,244

 

$51.08

 

$3,834

 

$56.15

Book value, excluding AOCI

 

$8,490

 

$133.69

 

$9,940

 

$145.58

Ending common shares outstanding

 

63,503,355

 

N/A

 

68,278,068

 

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Per share amounts are on a diluted basis and may not recalculate due to rounding. For loss periods, dilutive shares were not included in the calculation as inclusion of such shares would have an anti-dilutive effect. See Non-GAAP and Other Financial Disclosures discussion in this news release.

Results by Segment and Corporate & Other (Unaudited, in millions)

 

 

For the Three Months Ended

ADJUSTED EARNINGS

 

December 31,
2023

 

September 30,
2023

 

December 31,
2022

Annuities

 

$245

 

$319

 

$194

Life (1)

 

$4

 

$(73)

 

$17

Run-off (1)

 

$(50)

 

$95

 

$236

Corporate & Other (1)

 

$(22)

 

$(15)

 

$98

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) The company uses the term “adjusted loss” throughout this news release to refer to negative adjusted earnings values.

Sales (Unaudited, in millions)

 

 

For the Three Months Ended

 

 

December 31,
2023

 

September 30,
2023

 

December 31,
2022

Annuities (1)

 

$2,740

 

$2,600

 

$3,211

Life

 

$29

 

$25

 

$22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Annuities sales include sales of a fixed index annuity product, which represents 100% of gross sales on directly written business and the proportion of assumed gross sales under reinsurance agreements. Sales of this product were $45 million for the fourth quarter of 2023, $58 million for the third quarter of 2023 and $161 million for the fourth quarter of 2022.

Annuities

Adjusted earnings in the Annuities segment were $245 million in the current quarter, compared with adjusted earnings of $194 million in the fourth quarter of 2022 and adjusted earnings of $319 million in the third quarter of 2023.

There were no notable items in the current quarter. The fourth quarter of 2022 included a $44 million unfavorable notable item and the third quarter of 2023 included a $28 million favorable notable item related to the annual actuarial review.

On a quarter-over-quarter basis, adjusted earnings, less notable items, were relatively flat. On a sequential basis, adjusted earnings, less notable items, reflect lower fees, higher expenses and a lower underwriting margin.

As mentioned above, annuity sales decreased 15% quarter-over-quarter and 8% year-over-year, driven by lower fixed deferred annuity sales, partially offset by strong Shield Level annuity sales. Annuity sales increased 5% sequentially, driven by higher fixed deferred annuity sales.

Life

Adjusted earnings in the Life segment were $4 million in the current quarter, compared with adjusted earnings of $17 million in the fourth quarter of 2022 and an adjusted loss of $73 million in the third quarter of 2023.

There were no notable items in the current quarter or the fourth quarter of 2022. The third quarter of 2023 included a $71 million unfavorable notable item related to the annual actuarial review.

On a quarter-over-quarter basis, adjusted earnings, less notable items, reflect a lower underwriting margin, partially offset by higher net investment income and lower expenses. On a sequential basis, adjusted earnings, less notable items, reflect a higher underwriting margin, partially offset by lower net investment income and higher expenses.

As mentioned above, life sales increased 32% quarter-over-quarter, 28% year-over-year and 16% sequentially.

Run-off

The Run-off segment had an adjusted loss of $50 million in the current quarter, compared with adjusted earnings of $236 million in the fourth quarter of 2022 and adjusted earnings of $95 million in the third quarter of 2023.

There were no notable items in the current quarter. The fourth quarter of 2022 included a $271 million favorable notable item. The third quarter of 2023 included a $94 million favorable notable item related to the annual actuarial review.

On a quarter-over-quarter basis, the adjusted loss, less notable items, reflects a lower underwriting margin, partially offset by higher net investment income. On a sequential basis, the adjusted loss, less notable items, reflects a lower underwriting margin and lower net investment income.

Corporate & Other

Corporate & Other had an adjusted loss of $22 million in the current quarter, compared with adjusted earnings of $98 million in the fourth quarter of 2022 and an adjusted loss of $15 million in the third quarter of 2023.

The current quarter included a $12 million unfavorable notable item related to legal matters and the fourth quarter of 2022 included $36 million of favorable notable items. There were no notable items in the third quarter of 2023.

On a quarter-over-quarter basis, the adjusted loss, less notable items, reflects a lower tax benefit and higher expenses. On a sequential basis, the adjusted loss, less notable items, reflects lower expenses, partially offset by a lower tax benefit.

Net Investment Income and Adjusted Net Investment Income (Unaudited, in millions)

 

 

For the Three Months Ended

 

 

December 31,
2023

 

September 30,
2023

 

December 31,
2022

Net investment income

 

$1,207

 

$1,202

 

$1,049

Adjusted net investment income

 

$1,226

 

$1,227

 

$1,082

Net Investment Income

Net investment income was $1,207 million and adjusted net investment income* was $1,226 million in the current quarter. On a quarter-over-quarter basis, adjusted net investment income increased $144 million, primarily driven by alternative investment income, asset growth and higher interest rates. On a sequential basis, adjusted net investment income was flat.

The net investment income yield was 4.16% during the quarter.

Statutory Capital and Liquidity (Unaudited, in billions)

 

 

As of

 

 

December 31,

2023 (1)

 

September 30,
2023

 

December 31,
2022

Statutory combined total adjusted capital

 

$6.3

 

$7.3

 

$8.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Reflects preliminary statutory results as of December 31, 2023.

Capitalization

As of December 31, 2023:

  • TAC(1) decreased to approximately $6.3 billion, driven by the impact from the new statutory requirement and subsidiary dividends paid in the quarter
  • Estimated combined RBC ratio(1) increased to approximately 420%, with a reduction in required capital associated with the new statutory requirement providing an effective offset to the decline in TAC
  • Holding company liquid assets were $1.3 billion

_______________

(1) Reflects preliminary statutory results as of December 31, 2023.

Earnings Conference Call

Brighthouse Financial will hold a conference call and audio webcast to discuss its financial results for the fourth quarter and full year 2023 at 8:00 a.m. Eastern Time on Tuesday, February 13, 2024. In connection with this call, the company has prepared a presentation for use with investors and other members of the investment community. This presentation is available on the Brighthouse Financial Investor Relations webpage at http://investor.brighthousefinancial.com.

To listen to the audio webcast via the internet and to access the related presentation, please visit the Brighthouse Financial Investor Relations webpage at http://investor.brighthousefinancial.com. To join the conference call via telephone as a participant, please register in advance at https://register.vevent.com/register/BIf1641bbbff1d436f871280ce7989f769.

A replay of the conference call will be made available until Friday, March 1, 2024, on the Brighthouse Financial Investor Relations webpage at http://investor.brighthousefinancial.com.

About Brighthouse Financial, Inc.

Brighthouse Financial, Inc. (Brighthouse Financial) (Nasdaq: BHF) is on a mission to help people achieve financial security. As one of the largest providers of annuities and life insurance in the U.S.,(1) we specialize in products designed to help people protect what they've earned and ensure it lasts. Learn more at brighthousefinancial.com.

(1) Ranked by 2022 admitted assets. Best's Review®: Top 200 U.S. Life/Health Insurers. AM Best, 2023.

Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This news release and other oral or written statements that we make from time to time may contain information that includes or is based upon forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements involve substantial risks and uncertainties. We have tried, wherever possible, to identify such statements using words such as "anticipate," "estimate," "expect," "project," "may," "will," "could," "intend," "goal," "target," "guidance," "forecast," "preliminary," "objective," "continue," "aim," "plan," "believe" and other words and terms of similar meaning, or that are tied to future periods, in connection with a discussion of future operating or financial performance. In particular, these include, without limitation, statements relating to future actions, prospective services or products, financial projections, future performance or results of current and anticipated services or products, sales efforts, expenses, the outcome of contingencies such as legal proceedings, as well as trends in operating and financial results.

Any or all forward-looking statements may turn out to be wrong. They can be affected by inaccurate assumptions or by known or unknown risks and uncertainties. Many such factors will be important in determining the actual future results of Brighthouse Financial. These statements are based on current expectations and the current economic environment and involve a number of risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict. These statements are not guarantees of future performance. Actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements due to a variety of known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors. Although it is not possible to identify all of these risks and factors, they include, among others: differences between actual experience and actuarial assumptions and the effectiveness of our actuarial models; higher risk management costs and exposure to increased market risk due to guarantees within certain of our products; the effectiveness of our variable annuity exposure risk management strategy and the impact of such strategy on volatility in our profitability measures and negative effects on our statutory capital; material differences between actual outcomes and the sensitivities calculated under certain scenarios that we may utilize in connection with our variable annuity risk management strategies; the impact of interest rates on our future ULSG policyholder obligations and net income volatility; the potential material adverse effect of changes in accounting standards, practices or policies applicable to us, including changes in the accounting for long-duration contracts; loss of business and other negative impacts resulting from a downgrade or a potential downgrade in our financial strength or credit ratings; the availability of reinsurance and the ability of the counterparties to our reinsurance or indemnification arrangements to perform their obligations thereunder; heightened competition, including with respect to service, product features, scale, price, actual or perceived financial strength, claims-paying ratings, credit ratings, e-business capabilities and name recognition; our ability to market and distribute our products through distribution channels; any failure of third parties to provide services we need, any failure of the practices and procedures of such third parties and any inability to obtain information or assistance we need from third parties; the ability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends to us, and our ability to pay dividends to our shareholders and repurchase our common stock; the risks associated with climate change; the adverse impact of public health crises, extreme mortality events or similar occurrences on our business and the economy in general; the impact of adverse capital and credit market conditions, including with respect to our ability to meet liquidity needs and access capital; the impact of economic conditions in the capital markets and the U.S. and global economy, as well as geopolitical events, military actions or catastrophic events, on our profitability measures as well as our investment portfolio, including on realized and unrealized losses and impairments, net investment spread and net investment income; the financial risks that our investment portfolio is subject to, including credit risk, interest rate risk, inflation risk, market valuation risk, liquidity risk, real estate risk, derivatives risk, and other factors outside our control; the impact of changes in regulation and in supervisory and enforcement policies or interpretations thereof on our insurance business or other operations; the potential material negative tax impact of potential future tax legislation that could make some of our products less attractive to consumers or increase our tax liability; the effectiveness of our policies, procedures and processes in managing risk; the loss or disclosure of confidential information, damage to our reputation and impairment of our ability to conduct business effectively as a result of any failure in cyber- or other information security systems; whether all or any portion of the tax consequences of our separation from MetLife, Inc. are not as expected, leading to material additional taxes or material adverse consequences to tax attributes that impact us; and other factors described from time to time in documents that we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC").

For the reasons described above, we caution you against relying on any forward-looking statements, which should also be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements included and the risks, uncertainties and other factors identified in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, particularly in the sections entitled "Risk Factors" and "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk," as well as in our other subsequent filings with the SEC. Further, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as otherwise may be required by law.

Non-GAAP and Other Financial Disclosures

Our definitions of non-GAAP and other financial measures may differ from those used by other companies.

Non-GAAP Financial Disclosures

We present certain measures of our performance that are not calculated in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, also known as "GAAP." We believe that these non-GAAP financial measures enhance the understanding of our performance by the investor community by highlighting the results of operations and the underlying profitability drivers of our business.

The following non-GAAP financial measures should not be viewed as substitutes for the most directly comparable financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP:

 

 

Non-GAAP financial measures:

Most directly comparable GAAP financial measures:

adjusted earnings

net income (loss) available to shareholders (1)

adjusted earnings, less notable items

net income (loss) available to shareholders (1)

adjusted revenues

revenues

adjusted expenses

expenses

adjusted earnings per common share

earnings per common share, diluted (1)

adjusted earnings per common share, less notable items

earnings per common share, diluted (1)

adjusted return on common equity

return on common equity (2)

adjusted return on common equity, less notable items

return on common equity (2)

adjusted net investment income

net investment income

__________________

 

(1) Brighthouse uses net income (loss) available to shareholders to refer to net income (loss) available to Brighthouse Financial, Inc.'s common shareholders, and earnings per common share, diluted to refer to net income (loss) available to shareholders per common share.

(2) Brighthouse uses return on common equity to refer to return on Brighthouse Financial, Inc.'s common stockholders' equity.

Reconciliations to the most directly comparable historical GAAP measures are included for those measures which are presented herein. Reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are not accessible on a forward-looking basis because we believe it is not possible without unreasonable efforts to provide other than a range of net investment gains and losses and net derivative gains and losses, which can fluctuate significantly within or outside the range and from period to period and may have a material impact on net income (loss) available to shareholders.

Adjusted Earnings, Adjusted Revenues and Adjusted Expenses

Adjusted earnings is a financial measure used by management to evaluate performance and facilitate comparisons to industry results. This financial measure, which may be positive or negative, focuses on our primary businesses by excluding the impact of market volatility, which could distort trends.

Adjusted earnings reflect adjusted revenues less (i) adjusted expenses, (ii) provision for income tax expense (benefit), (iii) net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests and (iv) preferred stock dividends. Provided below are the adjustments to GAAP revenues and GAAP expenses used to calculate adjusted revenues and adjusted expenses, respectively.

The following are significant items excluded from total revenues in calculating the adjusted revenues component of adjusted earnings:

  • Net investment gains (losses); and
  • Net derivative gains (losses) ("NDGL") except earned income and amortization of premium on derivatives that are hedges of investments or that are used to replicate certain investments, but do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment ("Investment Hedge Adjustments").

The following are significant items excluded from total expenses in calculating the adjusted expenses component of adjusted earnings:

  • Change in market risk benefits; and
  • Change in fair value of the crediting rate on experience-rated contracts ("Market Value Adjustments").

The provision for income tax related to adjusted earnings is calculated using the statutory tax rate of 21%, net of impacts related to the dividends received deduction, tax credits and current period non-recurring items.

Consistent with GAAP guidance for segment reporting, adjusted earnings is also our GAAP measure of segment performance.

Adjusted Earnings per Common Share and Adjusted Return on Common Equity

Adjusted earnings per common share and adjusted return on common equity are measures used by management to evaluate the execution of our business strategy and align such strategy with our shareholders' interests.

Adjusted earnings per common share is defined as adjusted earnings for the period divided by the weighted average number of fully diluted shares of common stock outstanding for the period. The weighted average common shares outstanding used to calculate adjusted earnings per share will differ from such shares used to calculate diluted net income (loss) available to shareholders per common share when the inclusion of dilutive shares has an anti-dilutive effect for one calculation but not for the other.

Adjusted return on common equity is defined as total annual adjusted earnings on a four quarter trailing basis, divided by the simple average of the most recent five quarters of total Brighthouse Financial, Inc.'s common stockholders' equity, excluding AOCI.

Adjusted Net Investment Income

We present adjusted net investment income to measure our performance for management purposes, and we believe it enhances the understanding of our investment portfolio results. Adjusted net investment income represents GAAP net investment income plus Investment Hedge Adjustments.

Other Financial Disclosures

Corporate Expenses

Corporate expenses includes functional department expenses, public company expenses, certain investment expenses, retirement funding and incentive compensation; and excludes establishment costs.

Notable items

Certain of the non-GAAP measures described above may be presented further adjusted to exclude notable items. Notable items reflect the unfavorable (favorable) after-tax impact on our results of certain unanticipated items and events, as well as certain items and events that were anticipated, such as establishment costs. The presentation of notable items and non-GAAP measures, less notable items is intended to help investors better understand our results and to evaluate and forecast those results.

Book Value per Common Share and Book Value per Common Share, excluding AOCI

Brighthouse uses the term "book value" to refer to "Brighthouse Financial, Inc.'s common stockholders' equity, including AOCI." Book value per common share is defined as ending Brighthouse Financial, Inc.'s common stockholders' equity, including AOCI, divided by ending common shares outstanding. Book value per common share, excluding AOCI, is defined as ending Brighthouse Financial, Inc.'s common stockholders' equity, excluding AOCI, divided by ending common shares outstanding.

CTE70

CTE70 is defined as the amount of assets required to satisfy contract holder obligations across market environments in the average of the worst thirty percent of a set of capital market scenarios over the life of the contracts.

CTE98

CTE98 is defined as the amount of assets required to satisfy contract holder obligations across market environments in the average of the worst two percent of a set of capital market scenarios over the life of the contracts.

Holding Company

Holding company means, collectively, Brighthouse Financial, Inc., Brighthouse Holdings, LLC, and Brighthouse Services, LLC.

Holding Company Liquid Assets

Holding company liquid assets include liquid assets in Brighthouse Financial, Inc., Brighthouse Holdings, LLC, and Brighthouse Services, LLC. Liquid assets are comprised of cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments and publicly-traded securities, excluding assets that are pledged or otherwise committed. Assets pledged or otherwise committed include assets held in trust.

Total Adjusted Capital

Total adjusted capital primarily consists of statutory capital and surplus, as well as the statutory asset valuation reserve. When referred to as “combined,” represents that of our insurance subsidiaries as a whole.

Sales

Life insurance sales consist of 100 percent of annualized new premium for term life, first-year paid premium for whole life, universal life, and variable universal life, and total paid premium for indexed universal life. We exclude company-sponsored internal exchanges, corporate-owned life insurance, bank-owned life insurance, and private placement variable universal life.

Annuity sales consist of 100 percent of direct statutory premiums, except for fixed index annuity sales, which represents 100 percent of gross sales on directly written business and the proportion of assumed gross sales under reinsurance agreements. Annuity sales exclude certain internal exchanges. These sales statistics do not correspond to revenues under GAAP, but are used as relevant measures of business activity.

Net Investment Income Yield

Similar to adjusted net investment income, we present net investment income yields as a performance measure we believe enhances the understanding of our investment portfolio results. Net investment income yields are calculated on adjusted net investment income as a percentage of average quarterly asset carrying values. Asset carrying values exclude unrealized gains (losses), collateral received in connection with our securities lending program, freestanding derivative assets and collateral received from derivative counterparties. Investment fee and expense yields are calculated as a percentage of average quarterly asset estimated fair values. Asset estimated fair values exclude collateral received in connection with our securities lending program, freestanding derivative assets and collateral received from derivative counterparties.

Normalized Statutory Earnings (Loss)

Normalized statutory earnings (loss) is used by management to measure our insurance companies’ ability to pay future distributions and is reflective of whether our hedging program functions as intended. Normalized statutory earnings (loss) is calculated as statutory pre-tax net gain (loss) from operations adjusted for the favorable or unfavorable impacts of (i) net realized capital gains (losses), (ii) the change in total asset requirement at CTE98, net of the change in our variable annuity reserves, and (iii) unrealized gains (losses) associated with our variable annuities and Shield hedging programs and other equity risk management strategies. Normalized statutory earnings (loss) may be further adjusted for certain unanticipated items that impact our results in order to help management and investors better understand, evaluate and forecast those results.

Risk-Based Capital Ratio

The risk-based capital ratio is a method of measuring an insurance company’s capital, taking into consideration its relative size and risk profile, in order to ensure compliance with minimum regulatory capital requirements set by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. When referred to as “combined,” represents that of our insurance subsidiaries as a whole. The reporting of our combined risk-based capital ratio is not intended for the purpose of ranking any insurance company or for use in connection with any marketing, advertising or promotional activities.

Condensed Statements of Operations (Unaudited, in millions)

 

 

For the Three Months Ended

Revenues

 

December 31,
2023

 

September 30,
2023

 

December 31,
2022

Premiums

 

$226

 

$194

 

$167

Universal life and investment-type product policy fees

 

546

 

542

 

549

Net investment income

 

1,207

 

1,202

 

1,049

Other revenues

 

135

 

125

 

100

Revenues before NIGL and NDGL

 

2,114

 

2,063

 

1,865

Net investment gains (losses)

 

(33)

 

(53)

 

(69)

Net derivative gains (losses)

 

(681)

 

(840)

 

(1,923)

Total revenues

 

$1,400

 

$1,170

 

$(127)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

Policyholder benefits and claims

 

$710

 

$590

 

$267

Interest credited to policyholder account balances

 

525

 

426

 

401

Amortization of DAC and VOBA

 

152

 

155

 

155

Change in market risk benefits

 

663

 

(1,064)

 

(1,479)

Interest expense on debt

 

39

 

38

 

39

Other expenses

 

485

 

435

 

450

Total expenses

 

2,574

 

580

 

(167)

Income (loss) before provision for income tax

 

(1,174)

 

590

 

40

Provision for income tax expense (benefit)

 

(258)

 

109

 

(97)

Net income (loss)

 

(916)

 

481

 

137

Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

1

 

2

 

1

Net income (loss) attributable to Brighthouse Financial, Inc.

 

(917)

 

479

 

136

Less: Preferred stock dividends

 

25

 

26

 

26

Net income (loss) available to Brighthouse Financial, Inc.’s common shareholders

 

$(942)

 

$453

 

$110

Condensed Balance Sheets (Unaudited, in millions)

 

 

As of

ASSETS

 

December 31,
2023

 

September 30,
2023

 

December 31,
2022

Investments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed maturity securities available-for-sale

 

$80,991

 

$75,433

 

$75,577

Equity securities

 

102

 

90

 

89

Mortgage loans

 

22,508

 

22,682

 

22,936

Policy loans

 

1,331

 

1,311

 

1,282

Limited partnerships and limited liability companies

 

4,946

 

4,931

 

4,775

Short-term investments

 

1,169

 

1,003

 

1,081

Other invested assets

 

4,409

 

3,210

 

2,852

Total investments

 

115,456

 

108,660

 

108,592

Cash and cash equivalents

 

3,851

 

3,839

 

4,115

Accrued investment income

 

1,183

 

1,143

 

885

Reinsurance recoverables

 

19,213

 

18,597

 

18,019

Premiums and other receivables

 

548

 

469

 

529

DAC and VOBA

 

4,872

 

4,919

 

5,084

Current income tax recoverable

 

27

 

31

 

38

Deferred income tax asset

 

1,893

 

2,121

 

1,736

Market risk benefit assets

 

656

 

694

 

483

Other assets

 

370

 

368

 

401

Separate account assets

 

88,271

 

82,675

 

84,965

Total assets

 

$236,340

 

$223,516

 

$224,847

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Future policy benefits

 

$32,569

 

$30,404

 

$31,497

Policyholder account balances

 

81,068

 

78,371

 

73,527

Market risk benefit liabilities

 

10,323

 

8,830

 

10,389

Other policy-related balances

 

3,836

 

3,806

 

4,098

Payables for collateral under securities loaned and other transactions

 

3,670

 

3,941

 

4,560

Long-term debt

 

3,156

 

3,157

 

3,156

Other liabilities

 

8,439

 

8,198

 

7,057

Separate account liabilities

 

88,271

 

82,675

 

84,965

Total liabilities

 

231,332

 

219,382

 

219,249

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, at par value

 

 

 

Common stock, at par value

 

1

 

1

 

1

Additional paid-in capital

 

14,004

 

14,022

 

14,075

Retained earnings (deficit)

 

(1,507)

 

(590)

 

(395)

Treasury stock

 

(2,309)

 

(2,248)

 

(2,042)

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

(5,246)

 

(7,116)

 

(6,106)

Total Brighthouse Financial, Inc.’s stockholders’ equity

 

4,943

 

4,069

 

5,533

Noncontrolling interests

 

65

 

65

 

65

Total equity

 

5,008

 

4,134

 

5,598

Total liabilities and equity

 

$236,340

 

$223,516

 

$224,847

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) Available to Shareholders to Adjusted Earnings and Adjusted Earnings, Less Notable Items, and Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) Available to Shareholders per Common Share to Adjusted Earnings per Common Share and Adjusted Earnings, Less Notable Items per Common Share (Unaudited, in millions except per share data)

 

 

For the Three Months Ended

ADJUSTED EARNINGS, LESS NOTABLE ITEMS

 

December 31,
2023

 

September 30,
2023

 

December 31,
2022

Net income (loss) available to shareholders

 

$(942)

 

$453

 

$110

Less: Net investment gains (losses)

 

(33)

 

(53)

 

(69)

Less: Net derivative gains (losses), excluding investment hedge adjustments

 

(700)

 

(865)

 

(1,956)

Less: Change in market risk benefits

 

(663)

 

1,064

 

1,479

Less: Market value adjustments

 

(21)

 

15

 

(3)

Less: Provision for income tax (expense) benefit on reconciling adjustments

 

298

 

(34)

 

114

Adjusted earnings

 

177

 

326

 

545

Less: Notable items

 

(12)

 

51

 

263

Adjusted earnings, less notable items

 

$189

 

$275

 

$282

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ADJUSTED EARNINGS, LESS NOTABLE ITEMS PER COMMON SHARE (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) available to shareholders per common share

 

$(14.70)

 

$6.89

 

$1.59

Less: Net investment gains (losses)

 

(0.51)

 

(0.81)

 

(0.99)

Less: Net derivative gains (losses), excluding investment hedge adjustments

 

(10.92)

 

(13.16)

 

(28.04)

Less: Change in market risk benefits

 

(10.34)

 

16.18

 

21.20

Less: Market value adjustments

 

(0.33)

 

0.23

 

(0.04)

Less: Provision for income tax (expense) benefit on reconciling adjustments

 

4.65

 

(0.52)

 

1.63

Less: Impact of inclusion of dilutive shares

 

0.03

 

 

Adjusted earnings per common share

 

2.73

 

4.97

 

7.81

Less: Notable items

 

(0.19)

 

0.78

 

3.77

Adjusted earnings, less notable items per common share

 

$2.92

 

$4.18

 

$4.04

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Per share calculations are on a diluted basis and may not recalculate or foot due to rounding. For loss periods, dilutive shares were not included in the calculation as inclusion of such shares would have an anti-dilutive effect. See Non-GAAP and Other Financial Disclosures discussion in this news release.

Reconciliation of Net Investment Income to Adjusted Net Investment Income (Unaudited, in millions)

 

 

For the Three Months Ended

 

 

December 31,
2023

 

September 30,
2023

 

December 31,
2022

Net investment income

 

$1,207

 

$1,202

 

$1,049

Less: Investment hedge adjustments

 

(19)

 

(25)

 

(33)

Adjusted net investment income

 

$1,226

 

$1,227

 

$1,082

Notable Items (Unaudited, in millions)

 

 

For the Three Months Ended

NOTABLE ITEMS IMPACTING ADJUSTED EARNINGS

 

December 31,
2023

 

September 30,
2023

 

December 31,
2022

Actuarial items and other insurance adjustments

 

$—

 

$(51)

 

$(227)

Establishment costs

 

 

 

15

Debt repayment costs

 

 

 

Prior year tax matters

 

 

 

(51)

Legal matters

 

12

 

 

Total notable items (1)

 

$12

 

$(51)

 

$(263)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOTABLE ITEMS BY SEGMENT AND CORPORATE & OTHER

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annuities

 

$—

 

$(28)

 

$44

Life

 

 

71

 

Run-off

 

 

(94)

 

(271)

Corporate & Other

 

12

 

 

(36)

Total notable items (1)

 

$12

 

$(51)

 

$(263)

 

(1) See Non-GAAP and Other Financial Disclosures discussion in this news release.

 

FOR INVESTORS

Dana Amante

(980) 949-3073

damante@brighthousefinancial.com

FOR MEDIA

Deon Roberts

(980) 949-3071

deon.roberts@brighthousefinancial.com

Source: Brighthouse Financial, Inc.

Brighthouse Financial reported a net loss available to shareholders of $942 million in the fourth quarter of 2023.

Brighthouse Financial repurchased $250 million of its common stock in 2023, reducing shares outstanding by 7%.

Annuity sales for Brighthouse Financial in 2023 were $10.6 billion.

Brighthouse Financial's estimated combined RBC ratio stands at approximately 420%.

Brighthouse Financial paid $350 million in total subsidiary dividends to the holding company in the fourth quarter of 2023.
Brighthouse Financial Inc

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About BHF

we're brighthouse financial. we are on a mission to help people achieve financial security. as one of the largest providers of annuities and life insurance in the u.s., we specialize in products designed to help people protect what they’ve earned and ensure it lasts. we are built on a foundation of experience and knowledge, which allows us to keep our promises and provide the value they deserve.we are proud to be a fortune® 500 company trusted by over 2 million customers and with 2.4 million annuity contracts and life insurance policies in force.see our social media guidelines here: https://www.brighthousefinancial.com/support/social-media-guidelines --------------data as of september 30, 2019, except customer count, which is as of june 30, 2018. assets ranked by 2018 admitted assets. best’s review: top 200 u.s. life/health insurers. a.m. best, 2019. brighthouse financial, inc. is the ultimate parent company of the brighthouse financial operating insurance companies. fortune© 2019 fort