Ocugen Provides Business Update with First Quarter 2024 Financial Results

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Ocugen (NASDAQ: OCGN) has reported its Q1 2024 financial results and provided a business update. The company is advancing its OCU400 gene therapy, with Phase 3 trials underway and aiming for 2026 BLA and MAA approvals. The gene therapy targets retinitis pigmentosa (RP), a condition affecting 300,000 people in the U.S. and Europe. Additionally, Ocugen is developing treatments for dAMD and Stargardt disease. Financially, Ocugen reported $26.4 million in cash and equivalents as of March 31, 2024, with a net loss per share of $0.05, an improvement from $0.08 in Q1 2023. Total operating expenses decreased from $18.5 million in Q1 2023 to $13.2 million in Q1 2024.

  • FDA and EMA support for OCU400 Phase 3 trial.
  • OCU400 aims for 2026 BLA and MAA approvals.
  • OCU410 and OCU410ST show progress in clinical trials.
  • First quarter net loss per share decreased to $0.05 from $0.08 in Q1 2023.
  • Total operating expenses decreased to $13.2 million from $18.5 million in Q1 2023.
  • Cash and cash equivalents decreased to $26.4 million from $39.5 million at December 31, 2023.
  • Continued clinical hold on OCU200 by FDA.
  • Phase 3 trial for NeoCart contingent on adequate funding.

Ocugen's Q1 2024 financial results reflect significant clinical milestones. The company’s $26.4 million cash position decreased from $39.5 million at the end of 2023, indicating a substantial cash burn due to sustained R&D activities. However, operating expenses dropped to $13.2 million from $18.5 million year-over-year, highlighting improved cost management. The $0.05 net loss per share, down from $0.08, is a positive indicator of narrowing losses despite ongoing investment in clinical trials.

Investors should note that although Ocugen is actively progressing its gene therapy pipeline, the financial runway remains a concern. The company will likely need additional financing to sustain operations through the advanced stages of its trials. Long-term prospects depend heavily on successful trial outcomes, particularly for OCU400's Phase 3 trial, which could significantly impact Ocugen’s valuation if approved by 2026.

The advancement of OCU400 into Phase 3 clinical trials is a important milestone. OCU400 targets retinitis pigmentosa (RP) with a gene-agnostic approach, offering a broader treatment spectrum compared to existing products. The gene-agnostic mechanism is essential because RP is associated with over 100 different gene mutations, complicating targeted therapy development. The primary endpoint, Luminance Dependent Navigation Assessment (LDNA), focuses on improving visual navigation in varying light conditions, which is a practical and patient-centric measure of efficacy.

OCU400's potential approval by 2026 could revolutionize treatment for RP, providing a much-needed option for the 300,000 patients in the U.S. and Europe. Additionally, the expansion into Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) signifies broader applicability, positioning Ocugen as a significant player in ophthalmic gene therapies.

Ocugen’s dual-track strategy in gene therapy for inherited retinal diseases (IRDs) and multifactorial blindness diseases is a strategic move to diversify and leverage its technology platform. The ongoing Phase 1/2 studies for OCU410 and OCU410ST highlight the company's commitment to addressing various conditions such as dry age-related macular degeneration (dAMD) and Stargardt disease. The collaborations with NIAID for the mucosal vaccine platform and the current Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) facility for NeoCart® indicate a robust pipeline and strategic partnerships.

From a market perspective, success in these trials could position Ocugen strongly in the gene therapy market, which is expected to grow significantly. However, investors must consider the competitive landscape, regulatory challenges and the necessity for sustained funding to realize these potential market advantages.

Conference Call and Webcast Today at 8:30 a.m. ET

  • All three first-in-class modifier gene therapy product candidates currently in the clinic with OCU400 Phase 3 in progress
  • OCU400 on track to meet 2026 Biologics License Application (BLA) and Market Authorization Application (MAA) approval targets

MALVERN, Pa., May 14, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Ocugen, Inc. (Ocugen or the Company) (NASDAQ: OCGN), a biotechnology company focused on discovering, developing, and commercializing novel gene and cell therapies, and vaccines, today reported first quarter 2024 financial results along with a general business update.

“We’ve experienced several important clinical and regulatory milestones since the beginning of 2024 that we believe are leading the way to a new treatment paradigm for patients with blindness diseases,” said Dr. Shankar Musunuri, Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, and Co-Founder of Ocugen. “It’s very encouraging to have FDA clearance and EMA support for the Phase 3 clinical trial of our lead modifier gene therapy candidate that offers a potential one-time treatment for life.”

With FDA clearance to begin the Phase 3 liMeliGhT clinical trial, OCU400 becomes the first gene therapy to progress to late-stage trials with a broad retinitis pigmentosa (RP) indication. Until now, there has been only one marketed product to treat one of the 100 gene mutations associated with RP. The gene-agnostic mechanism of action for OCU400 provides hope for a much larger RP patient population. In the U.S. and Europe combined, RP affects nearly 300,000 people.

Ocugen expects to begin dosing patients in the Phase 3 liMeliGhT clinical trial in the second quarter of 2024. The Phase 3 trial will have a sample size of 150 participants—one arm of 75 participants with the RHO gene mutation and the other arm with 75 participants that are gene-agnostic. Luminance Dependent Navigation Assessment (LDNA) is the primary endpoint for the study and focuses on the proportion of responders, in treated and untreated groups, achieving an improvement of at least 2 Lux levels from baseline in the study eyes.

Leveraging a dual-track strategy, the Company plans to expand the Phase 3 OCU400 clinical trial in the second half of 2024 to include patients with Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), contingent on favorable results from the Phase 1/2 study.

Modifier gene therapy has the potential to treat inherited retinal diseases as well as multifactorial blindness diseases affecting millions of patients. Leveraging the nuclear receptor gene RAR-related orphan receptor A (RORA), OCU410 is designed to regulate all four pathways involved with dry age-related macular degeneration (dAMD)—including lipid metabolism, inflammation, oxidative stress, and membrane attack complex (complement). Ocugen is developing OCU410 as a one-time gene therapy for the treatment of geographic atrophy (GA), an advanced stage of dAMD, affecting 2-3 million people in the U.S. and Europe combined. OCU410ST is being developed as a one-time gene therapy for the treatment of Stargardt disease, affecting approximately 100,000 people in the U.S. and Europe combined.

In April, dosing was completed in the second cohort (medium dose) of the Phase 1/2 ArMaDa clinical trial for OCU410. Dosing in the first cohort (low dose) of the Phase 1/2 GARDian trial for OCU410ST was completed earlier in the first quarter and in April 2024, the Data Safety and Monitoring Board approved the continuation to cohort 2 (medium dose).

“Our efforts in the first quarter of the year evidence the importance of our gene therapy programs and the need to operate the business to ensure their success,” said Dr. Musunuri. “We are opportunistic about Ocugen’s cell therapy and vaccine platforms, knowing that these technologies have great therapeutic and financial potential and are pursuing partnerships to support our entire pipeline.”

Ophthalmic Gene Therapies —First-in-class

  • OCU400—Received FDA clearance of IND amendment to initiate OCU400 Phase 3 liMeliGhT clinical trial in RP. EMA provided acceptability of the U.S.-based trial for submission of Marketing Authorization Application (MAA). Currently, the multi-center Phase 3 clinical trial is in progress.
  • OCU410 – Currently in Phase 1/2 stage of clinical development with active patient enrollment. Dosing is complete in the second cohort (medium dose) in the dose-escalation phase of the study. Once the third cohort (high dose) is complete, the Company will move into the Phase 2 clinical trial—the expansion phase—in the third quarter of 2024.
  • OCU410ST – Currently in Phase 1/2 stage of clinical development with active patient enrollment. Dosing is complete for cohort 1 (low dose). Initiated enrollment in cohort 2 (medium dose) in the dose-escalation phase of the trial.

Regenerative Cell Therapies—First-in-class

  • NeoCart® – Completed renovating an existing facility into a current Good Manufacturing Practice (“GMP”) facility in accordance with the FDA’s regulations. Intend to initiate the Phase 3 trial, contingent on adequate availability of funding.

Vaccines Portfolio—First-in-class

  • Mucosal Vaccine Platform – NIAID is collaborating with Ocugen on clinical development of OCU500. Planning to submit IND by mid-2024 to initiate Phase 1 clinical trial.


  • OCU200—Continue to work with FDA to address comments to lift the clinical hold.

First Quarter 2024 Financial Results

  • The Company’s cash and cash equivalents totaled $26.4 million as of March 31, 2024, compared to $39.5 million as of December 31, 2023. The Company had 257.3 million shares of common stock outstanding as of March 31, 2024.
  • Total operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2024 were $13.2 million and included research and development expenses of $6.8 million and general and administrative expenses of $6.4 million. This compares to total operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2023 of $18.5 million that included research and development expenses of $10.2 million and general and administrative expenses of $8.3 million.
  • Ocugen reported a $0.05 net loss per common share for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to a $0.08 net loss per common share for the three months ended March 31, 2023.

Conference Call and Webcast Details

Ocugen has scheduled a conference call and webcast for 8:30 a.m. ET today to discuss the financial results and recent business highlights. Ocugen’s senior management team will host the call, which will be open to all listeners. There will also be a question-and-answer session following the prepared remarks.

Attendees are invited to participate on the call or webcast using the following details:

Dial-in Numbers: (800) 715-9871 for U.S. callers and (646) 307-1963 for international callers
Conference ID: 8699924
Webcast: Available on the events section of the Ocugen investor site

A replay of the call and archived webcast will be available for approximately 45 days following the event on the Ocugen investor site.

About Ocugen, Inc.
Ocugen, Inc. is a biotechnology company focused on discovering, developing, and commercializing novel gene and cell therapies and vaccines that improve health and offer hope for patients across the globe. We are making an impact on patient’s lives through courageous innovation—forging new scientific paths that harness our unique intellectual and human capital. Our breakthrough modifier gene therapy platform has the potential to treat multiple retinal diseases with a single product, and we are advancing research in infectious diseases to support public health and orthopedic diseases to address unmet medical needs. Discover more at and follow us on X and LinkedIn.

Cautionary Note on Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including, but not limited to, strategy, business plans and objectives for Ocugen’s clinical programs, plans and timelines for the preclinical and clinical development of Ocugen’s product candidates, including the therapeutic potential, clinical benefits and safety thereof, expectations regarding timing, success and data announcements of current ongoing preclinical and clinical trials, the ability to initiate new clinical programs; Ocugen’s financial condition, statements regarding qualitative assessments of available data, potential benefits, expectations for ongoing clinical trials, anticipated regulatory filings and anticipated development timelines, which are subject to risks and uncertainties. We may, in some cases, use terms such as “predicts,” “believes,” “potential,” “proposed,” “continue,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “plans,” “intends,” “may,” “could,” “might,” “will,” “should,” or other words that convey uncertainty of future events or outcomes to identify these forward-looking statements. Such statements are subject to numerous important factors, risks, and uncertainties that may cause actual events or results to differ materially from our current expectations, including, but not limited to, the risks that preliminary, interim and top-line clinical trial results may not be indicative of, and may differ from, final clinical data; that unfavorable new clinical trial data may emerge in ongoing clinical trials or through further analyses of existing clinical trial data; that earlier non-clinical and clinical data and testing of may not be predictive of the results or success of later clinical trials; and that that clinical trial data are subject to differing interpretations and assessments, including by regulatory authorities. These and other risks and uncertainties are more fully described in our annual and periodic filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including the risk factors described in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in the quarterly and annual reports that we file with the SEC. Any forward-looking statements that we make in this press release speak only as of the date of this press release. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update forward-looking statements contained in this press release whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, after the date of this press release.

Tiffany Hamilton
Head of Communications

(in thousands)
 March 31, 2024 December 31, 2023
Current assets   
Cash and cash equivalents$26,375  $39,462 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 3,623   3,509 
Total current assets 29,998   42,971 
Property and equipment, net 17,654   17,290 
Other assets 4,142   4,286 
Total assets$51,794  $64,547 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity   
Current liabilities   
Accounts payable$1,731  $3,172 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 12,434   13,343 
Operating lease obligations 589   574 
Current portion of long term debt 1,296    
Total current liabilities 16,050   17,089 
Non-current liabilities   
Operating lease obligations, less current portion 3,414   3,567 
Long term debt, net 1,533   2,800 
Other non-current liabilities 536   527 
Total liabilities 21,533   23,983 
Stockholders' equity   
Convertible preferred stock 1   1 
Common stock 2,575   2,567 
Treasury stock (48)  (48)
Additional paid-in capital 325,799   324,191 
Accumulated other comprehensive income 25   20 
Accumulated deficit (298,091)  (286,167)
Total stockholders' equity 30,261   40,564 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$51,794  $64,547 

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 Three months ended March 31,
  2024   2023 
Collaborative arrangement revenue$1,014  $443 
Total revenue 1,014   443 
Operating expenses   
Research and development 6,826   10,172 
General and administrative 6,404   8,306 
Total operating expenses 13,230   18,478 
Loss from operations (12,216)  (18,035)
Other income (expense), net 292   709 
Net loss$(11,924) $(17,326)
Shares used in calculating net loss per common share — basic and diluted 257,232,636   225,523,627 
Net loss per share of common stock — basic and diluted$(0.05) $(0.08)


What are the financial results for Ocugen in Q1 2024?

Ocugen reported $26.4 million in cash and equivalents and a net loss per share of $0.05 for Q1 2024.

What is the status of Ocugen's OCU400 gene therapy?

OCU400 is in Phase 3 trials, with FDA and EMA support, targeting 2026 BLA and MAA approvals.

What progress has Ocugen made with OCU410 and OCU410ST?

OCU410 and OCU410ST are in Phase 1/2 stages, with patient dosing completed for several cohorts.

How has Ocugen's net loss per share changed year-over-year?

Ocugen's net loss per share improved to $0.05 in Q1 2024 from $0.08 in Q1 2023.

What are Ocugen's plans for the NeoCart Phase 3 trial?

The NeoCart Phase 3 trial is contingent on obtaining adequate funding.

Ocugen, Inc.


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About OCGN

ocugen, inc., is a rapidly growing ophthalmology company developing a rich clinical pipeline of innovative therapies that address rare and underserved ocular disorders. the company’s lead programs in ocular graft versus host disease (ocu300) and chronic dry eye disease (ocu310) are expected to enter pivotal clinical trials in 2018. ocu300 received the first and only orphan drug designation for ocular graft versus host disease, providing certain regulatory and economic benefits. ocugen is also developing novel biologic therapies for retinitis pigmentosa (ocu100) and wet amd (ocu200), as well as a groundbreaking modifier gene therapy platform with potential to address a broad spectrum of inherited retinal disorders (ocu400). for more information, please visit