Late-breaking results show nipocalimab significantly improves Sjögren's disease activity in a Phase 2 study

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Johnson & Johnson (NYSE: JNJ) announced significant findings from the Phase 2 DAHLIAS study of nipocalimab, demonstrating over 70% relative average improvement in Sjögren's disease (SjD) activity compared to placebo. The study involved patients treated with 15 mg/kg of nipocalimab, showing a statistically significant (P=0.002) and clinically meaningful improvement on the primary endpoint, ClinESSDAI, at 24 weeks.

Improvements were noted as early as Week 4, with continued progress throughout the 24-week period. Secondary endpoints also showed clinically meaningful improvements in multiple organ assessments, physician assessments, and composite tools for clinical trial endpoints. Additionally, the treatment led to reductions in total IgG and autoantibodies associated with SjD.

This breakthrough in SjD therapy was highlighted among 30 abstracts presented by the company at the EULAR 2024 Congress, signifying potential advancement in treatment options for the approximately four million people affected globally.

  • Statistically significant improvement (P=0.002) in primary endpoint, ClinESSDAI, at 24 weeks.
  • Over 70% relative average improvement in Sjögren's disease activity compared to placebo.
  • Clinical improvements noted as early as Week 4, with continued progress throughout 24 weeks.
  • Clinically meaningful improvements in secondary endpoints including multiple organ assessments and physician assessments.
  • Reduction in total IgG and autoantibodies associated with SjD.
  • Potential for advanced therapy in Sjögren's disease, a condition with no current approved advanced treatments.
  • As a Phase 2 study, further clinical trials are necessary before potential market approval.
  • Safety and tolerability data require more extensive validation.

Johnson & Johnson's nipocalimab showing statistically significant improvements in a Phase 2 study for Sjögren's disease (SjD) is a notable development in the field of autoimmunity. Despite the chronic nature and debilitating symptoms of SjD, there have been no advanced treatments approved so far. Nipocalimab's efficacy in reducing disease activity across multiple organ systems, as evidenced by the ClinESSDAI scores, is promising. A > 70% relative improvement compared to placebo is substantial, indicating that this treatment could profoundly affect patient quality of life.

The early response observed by Week 4 and the continued improvement over 24 weeks suggest the drug's potential for sustained efficacy. Moreover, the reduction in total IgG and autoantibodies is consistent with the drug's intended mechanism of action. For patients, the results could mean a future where their severe symptoms are alleviated effectively and safely.

Considering the safety profile aligns with previous studies, nipocalimab may advance to further clinical trials expeditiously. This development signifies hope for those suffering from SjD, offering a potential therapy that addresses the disease's systemic nature.

The announcement of nipocalimab's Phase 2 results has positive financial implications for Johnson & Johnson (NYSE: JNJ). Reporting a statistically significant (P=0.002) and clinically meaningful improvement in ClinESSDAI scores propels the company forward in the competitive pharmaceutical market. This advancement not only reinforces J&J's strong presence in the autoimmunity sector but also opens up new revenue streams, given the significant unmet medical need in Sjögren's disease.

Financially, if nipocalimab progresses through to commercialization, it will likely boost J&J's sales and profit margins. Investors should note the potential market size, with approximately four million people living with SjD globally, translating to considerable revenue potential. The consistent safety and tolerability profile also minimizes the risk of costly setbacks. However, it's essential to monitor the drug's progression through future trial phases and regulatory approvals.

Nipocalimab's success in the Phase 2 DAHLIAS study positions Johnson & Johnson as a key player in the autoantibody-mediated diseases market. The notable improvements in primary and secondary endpoints underscore a potentially revolutionary treatment for Sjögren's disease. Given the chronic and progressive nature of SjD, the market opportunity is substantial. The speed at which clinical improvements were observed (as early as Week 4) could be a significant selling point, differentiating nipocalimab from other therapies under development.

The emphasis on the ClinESSDAI score, which assesses disease activity across 11 organ systems, highlights the drug's comprehensive efficacy. This will likely appeal to both healthcare providers and patients. The company's strategic presentation at the European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology (EULAR) 2024 Congress also suggests a well-planned market entry strategy, aiming to build awareness and foster acceptance among key opinion leaders and practitioners in the field.

Retail investors should consider the potential long-term growth prospects, balanced against the usual risks associated with drug development. The current data is promising, but ongoing trials and eventual regulatory feedback will be important to watch.

Patients who received nipocalimab 15 mg/kg demonstrated a greater than 70 percent relative average improvement on the primary endpoint compared to patients who received placebo

Sjögren's disease is a chronic, debilitating, and prevalent autoantibody disease with no approved advanced treatments

VIENNA, June 15, 2024 /PRNewswire/ -- Johnson & Johnson (NYSE: JNJ) announces patients treated with nipocalimab demonstrated statistically significant (P=0.002) and clinically meaningful improvement in ClinESSDAIa score versus placebo at 24 weeks compared to baseline (primary endpoint) in the Phase 2 DAHLIAS dose-ranging study of nipocalimab in adult patients living with Sjögren's disease (SjD). Response was demonstrated as early as Week 4 and continued to increase throughout the 24-week treatment period compared with patients receiving placebo. These data represent the first positive results in SjD for nipocalimab. The study results were featured in a late-breaking presentation (LBA0010) and are among 30 abstracts that the Company is presenting at the European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology (EULAR) 2024 Congress.  

Experience the full interactive Multichannel News Release here: 

"These data establish proof of concept for nipocalimab in Sjögren's disease and support further clinical development, which is welcome news for the approximately four million people worldwide living with this chronic, debilitating disease," said Prof. Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, M.D., Ph.D., Department of Rheumatology, Strasbourg University Hospital, National Centre for Rare Systemic Autoimmune Diseases and study investigator.b,1,2 "SjD patients need approved advanced therapies that can help address the serious health consequences of the disease, and I am encouraged by these results and the positive impact on disease measures that are clinically meaningful."

In addition to achieving the primary endpoint, the nipocalimab 15 mg/kg treatment group demonstrated:

  • Clinically meaningful improvements in secondary endpoints at Week 24 including multiple organ assessments (DALc), physician assessments (PhGAd), and composite tools for clinical trial endpoints (STARe, CRESSf)
  • Improvement trends in important SjD symptoms including mouth dryness, eye dryness, and vaginal dryness
  • Safety and tolerability consistent with other nipocalimab clinical studies

Furthermore, lowering levels of total IgG and autoantibodies associated with SjD (e.g. anti-Ro60 and -La/SSB) are highly consistent with the nipocalimab mechanism of action, exhibiting reductions similar to those observed in prior nipocalimab clinical studies.

"A clear need exists for patients living with Sjögren's disease to have advanced therapies that target the underlying cause and systemic nature of this disease, as none have been approved to date," said Terence Rooney, Vice President, Rheumatology, Immunology Disease Area Leader, Johnson & Johnson Innovative Medicine. "Johnson & Johnson is committed to delivering innovative and transformational approaches for autoantibody-mediated diseases like SjD, and the data presented at EULAR demonstrate the potential of nipocalimab in a disease where patients have very few options."

Editor's Note: 


ClinESSDAI is an endpoint specific to SjD and is a composite scale that assesses organ disease activity across 11 organ system domains [cutaneous, pulmonary, renal, articular, muscular, peripheral nervous system (PNS), central nervous system (CNS), hematological, glandular, constitutional, lymphadenopathy and lymphoma]; a higher score indicates greater symptom severity.


Prof. Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, M.D., Ph.D. is a paid consultant for Johnson & Johnson. He has not been compensated for any media work.


Disease Activity Level (DAL) response is a reduction from baseline in disease activity level by at least 1 level in at least 1 clinESSDAI domain (e.g., articular, hematological, cutaneous, constitutional, etc).


The Physician Global Assessment of Disease Severity (PhGA) is recorded by the investigator, independent of study participants' assessment, on a visual analog scale (VAS) with responses ranging from 0 to 100 mm, with the anchors "No Sjögren's Syndrome Activity" (0) at one end of the scale and "Extremely Active Sjögren's Syndrome" (100 mm) at the opposite end of the scale. The baseline measurement for the PhGA is defined as the closest measurement taken prior to the initiation of the Week 0 administration.


Sjögren's Tool for Assessing Response (STAR) is a composite responder index that includes all main SjD disease features, including systemic disease activity, patient-reported symptoms, tear gland item, salivary gland item and serology, in a single tool.


Composite of Relevant Endpoints for Sjögren's Syndrome (CRESS) is a composite endpoint tool consisting of five complementary items, systemic disease activity, patient-reported symptoms, tear gland item, salivary gland item and serology, for use in trials of primary SjD.

About Sjögren's Disease (SjD)  

Sjögren's disease (SjD) is one of the most prevalent autoantibody driven diseases for which no therapies are currently approved that treat the underlying and systemic nature of the disease.3  It is a chronic autoimmune disease that is estimated to impact approximately four million people worldwide and is nine times more common in women than men.1,2 SjD is characterized by autoantibody production, chronic inflammation, and lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glandular systems. Most patients are affected by mucosal dryness (eyes, mouth, vagina), joint pain and fatigue.3 Extraglandular manifestations are common and may impact multiple organ systems, including joints, lungs, kidneys, and nervous system.5 Patients with SjD have a high risk of developing numerous associated conditions, including up to 20 times higher risk of developing B-cell lymphomas when compared to the general population. SjD increases all-cause mortality risk by approximately 50% more than the general population, and high activity in more than one organ/disease domain increases mortality risk by up to five-fold.3,4 Disease burden can be as high as that of rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus. It is usually associated with impaired quality of life and functional capacity.2,5


DAHLIAS is a Phase 2 multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind study to evaluate the effects of nipocalimab in participants with primary Sjögren's disease. DAHLIAS includes a Phase 2 dose-ranging study for adults with moderately-to-severely active primary SjD who were seropositive for anti-Ro60 and/or anti-Ro52 IgG antibodies. One hundred sixty three adults aged 18-75 were randomized 1:1:1 to receive intravenous nipocalimab at 5 or 15 mg/kg or placebo every 2 weeks through Week 22 and received protocol-permitted background standard of care. Safety assessments were conducted through Week 30.

About Nipocalimab

Nipocalimab is an investigational monoclonal antibody, purposefully designed to bind with high affinity to block FcRn and reduce levels of circulating immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies, while preserving immune function without causing broad immunosuppression. This includes autoantibodies and alloantibodies that underlie multiple conditions across three key segments in the autoantibody space including Rare Autoantibody diseases, Maternal Fetal diseases mediated by maternal alloantibodies and Prevalent Rheumatology.6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14

Blockade of IgG binding to FcRn in the placenta is also believed to prevent transplacental transfer of maternal alloantibodies to the fetus.15,16

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA) have granted several key designations to nipocalimab including:

  • Fast Track designation in HDFN and warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia (wAIHA) in July 2019, gMG in December 2021 and fetal neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) in March 2024
  • Orphan drug status for wAIHA in December 2019, HDFN in June 2020, gMG in February 2021, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) in October 2021 and FNAIT in December 2023
  • Breakthrough Therapy Designation for HDFN in June 2024
  • Orphan medicinal product designation for HDFN by the European Medicines Agency in October 2019

About Johnson & Johnson 

At Johnson & Johnson, we believe health is everything. Our strength in healthcare innovation empowers us to build a world where complex diseases are prevented, treated, and cured, where treatments are smarter and less invasive, and solutions are personal. Through our expertise in Innovative Medicine and MedTech, we are uniquely positioned to innovate across the full spectrum of healthcare solutions today to deliver the breakthroughs of tomorrow, and profoundly impact health for humanity. Learn more at or at Follow us at @JanssenUS and @JNJInnovMed.  

Janssen Research & Development, LLC and Janssen Biotech, Inc. are Johnson & Johnson companies. 

Cautions Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains "forward-looking statements" as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 regarding product development and the potential benefits and treatment impact of nipocalimab. The reader is cautioned not to rely on these forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current expectations of future events. If underlying assumptions prove inaccurate or known or unknown risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results could vary materially from the expectations and projections of Janssen Research & Development, LLC, Janssen Biotech, Inc. and/or Johnson & Johnson. Risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: challenges and uncertainties inherent in product research and development, including the uncertainty of clinical success and of obtaining regulatory approvals; uncertainty of commercial success; manufacturing difficulties and delays; competition, including technological advances, new products and patents attained by competitors; challenges to patents; product efficacy or safety concerns resulting in product recalls or regulatory action; changes in behavior and spending patterns of purchasers of health care products and services; changes to applicable laws and regulations, including global health care reforms; and trends toward health care cost containment. A further list and descriptions of these risks, uncertainties and other factors can be found in Johnson & Johnson's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023, including in the sections captioned "Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements" and "Item 1A. Risk Factors," and in Johnson & Johnson's subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Copies of these filings are available online at, or on request from Johnson & Johnson. None of Janssen Research & Development, LLC, Janssen Biotech, Inc. nor Johnson & Johnson undertakes to update any forward-looking statement as a result of new information or future events or developments.

1 Beydon, M., McCoy, S., Nguyen, Y. et al. Epidemiology of Sjögren syndrome.

2 Nat Rev Rheumatol 20, 158–169 (2024).

3 Huang H, Xie W, Geng Y, Fan Y, Zhang Z. Mortality in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2021
Sep 1;60(9):4029-4038. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keab364. PMID: 33878179.

4 Brito-Zeron, P., Flores-Chavez, A., Horvath, Fanny I., Rasmussen, A., et al. Mortality risk factors in primary Sjogren syndrome: a real-world, retrospective, cohort study.
eClinicalMedicine. July, 4, 2023. DOI:

5 Hackett KL, et al. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2012;64(11):1760-1764.

6 NCT03842189. Available at: Last accessed: June 2024.

7 Identifier: NCT04951622. Available at: Last accessed: June 2024.

8 Identifier: NCT05327114. Available at: Last accessed: June 2024.

9 Identifier: NCT04119050. Available at: Last accessed: June 2024.

10 Identifier: NCT05379634. Available at: Last accessed: June 2024.

11 Identifier: NCT05912517. Available at: Last accessed: June 2024.

12 Identifier: NCT06028438. Available at: Last accessed: June 2024.

13 Identifier: NCT04968912. Available at: Last accessed: June 2024.

14 Identifier: NCT04882878. Available at: Last accessed: June 2024.

15 Lobato G, Soncini CS. Relationship between obstetric history and Rh(D) alloimmunization severity. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2008 Mar;277(3):245-8. DOI:
10.1007/s00404-007-0446-x. Last accessed: June 2024. 

16 Roy S, Nanovskaya T, Patrikeeva S, et al. M281, an anti-FcRn antibody, inhibits IgG transfer in a human ex vivo placental perfusion model. Am J Obstet Gynecol.
2019;220(5):498 e491-498 e499.


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What were the key findings of the Johnson & Johnson Phase 2 study on nipocalimab for Sjögren's disease?

The study showed over 70% relative average improvement in Sjögren's disease activity compared to placebo and significant improvement in the primary endpoint, ClinESSDAI, at 24 weeks.

How effective was nipocalimab in the treatment of Sjögren's disease according to the recent study?

Patients treated with 15 mg/kg of nipocalimab showed a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in disease activity, with over 70% relative average improvement compared to placebo.

What is the significance of the ClinESSDAI score in the recent nipocalimab study?

ClinESSDAI is a composite scale assessing organ disease activity in Sjögren's disease; the study found significant improvement in this score among patients treated with nipocalimab.

When were improvements observed in the nipocalimab Phase 2 study?

Improvements were observed as early as Week 4 and continued throughout the 24-week treatment period.

What additional outcomes were noted in the Phase 2 study of nipocalimab for Sjögren's disease?

Clinically meaningful improvements in multiple organ assessments, physician assessments, and reductions in total IgG and autoantibodies were noted.

What are the implications of the Phase 2 study results for Sjögren's disease treatment?

The results suggest potential for nipocalimab as an advanced therapy for Sjögren's disease, addressing an unmet need for approved treatments.

What further steps are needed following the Phase 2 study on nipocalimab?

Further clinical trials are necessary to validate the safety and efficacy of nipocalimab before potential market approval.

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